ALIGN’s 15 Things You Should Know About Residential Schools In Honour of National Truth & Reconciliation Day

ALIGN 15 Things You Should Know Residential Schools

Sept. 30th National Day for Truth and Reconciliation
Honouring the children who never returned home and Survivors of residential schools, as well as their families and communities. Public commemoration of the tragic and painful history and ongoing impacts of residential schools is a vital component of the reconciliation process.

“When the school is on the reserve, the child lives with his parents who are savages; he is surrounded by savages, and though he may learn to read and write, his habits and training and mode of thought are Indian. He is simply a savage who can read and write.”

Prime Minister Sir John A Macdonald

Canadians bettering their understanding of the true history and impact of residential schools is essential.

Take this quick quiz and learn more! Hover over each card below and it will flip to give you the answer and some related facts.

The Gradual Civilization Act to assimilate Indigenous people passed in?

1896 1912 1857

ANSWER - 1857

The Indian Act came to be developed over time through separate pieces of colonial legislation regarding Aboriginal peoples across Canada such as the Gradual Civilization Act of 1857. In 1876, these acts were consolidated as the Indian Act.

What year did it become mandatory for every Indigenous child to attend a residential school?

1920 1889 1880

Answer 1920 Under the Indian Act

1920, under the Indian Act, it became mandatory for every Indigenous child to attend a residential school and illegal for them to attend any other educational institution

How many First Nations, Métis and Inuit children were forced to attend church-run, government-funded schools?

85,000 500,000 150,000

ANSWER 150,000

More than 150,000 First Nations, Métis and Inuit children were forced to attend church-run, government-funded schools

Federal Indian Day Schools came in to being..

Before Residential Schools, After Residential Schools

ANSWER Before Residential Schools

Federal Indian Day Schools existed before residential schools. It’s estimated that there were over 700 day schools across Canada.

Who was the architect of the residential school system?

John A. Macdonald, Duncan Campbell Scott, The Catholic Church

ANSWER John A. Macdonald

Canada’s first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald was the architect of the residential school system. It was the government’s effort to settle what is now Western Canada, along with signed treaties and policies that aimed at removing Indigenous people from their land and opening up western territories to non-Indigenous settlers

Some of the largest residential schools had how many children in attendance?

200 500 300

Answer 500 (or more)

The expansion of these schools to the West created significant growth with some of the largest residential schools having over 500 children in attendance

Residential schools operated in Canada for more than how many years?

100 80 160


Residential schools operated in Canada for more than 160 years, with upwards of 150,000 children passing through their doors

The last federally-funded residential school closed in what year?

1996 1988 2006


The last federally-funded residential school closes in Punnichy, Saskatchewan

Which Prime Minister made the first Statement of Apology to former students of Indian Residential Schools?

Stephen Harper, Justin Trudeau, Brian Mulroney

ANSWER Stephen Harper

On Wednesday, June 11, 2008, Prime Minister Stephen Harper made a Statement of Apology to former students of Indian Residential Schools, on behalf of the Government of Canada

Who decided where schools would be placed?

Federal Government, Church Organizations, Provincial Governemnt

ANSWER Churches

Catholic and Protestant churches provided much of the original direction on where schools would be placed and how the school system would grow.

True or False - The trauma of the school’s colonization tactics has often led to suicide

True or False


The trauma of the school’s colonization tactics has often led to self-abuse in an attempt to cope. According to the University of British Columbia, “Among First Nations people aged 10 to 44, suicide and self-inflicted injury is the number one cause of death, responsible for almost 40 percent of mortalities.

In 1907, government medical inspector P.H. Bryce reported that percent of previously healthy Indigenous children across Canada were dying in residential schools.

2% 24% 12%


In 1907, government medical inspector P.H. Bryce reported that 24 percent of previously healthy Indigenous children across Canada were dying in residential schools. This figure does not include children who died at home, where they were frequently sent when critically ill. Bryce reported that anywhere from 47 percent (on the Peigan Reserve in Alberta) to 75 percent (from File Hills Boarding School in Saskatchewan) of students discharged from residential schools died shortly after returning home.

What percent of children between 7 and 15 years old were attending or had attended Indian Residential Schools.

25%, 45%, 75%


At one point, 75% of children between 7 and 15 years old were attending or had attended Indian Residential Schools. These children faced terrible conditions due to underfunding and physical, sexual and psychological abuse.

True or False - Residential schools impacted survivors parenting ability

True or False


Residential schools included parenting models based on punishment, abuse, coercion and control. With little experience of nurturing family environments from which to draw, generations of residential school Survivors struggle with residual trauma. As adults, many are ill-prepared to nurture their own children. The effects of these chaotic family systems can be seen in the high rates of family violence and domestic partner abuse



8th Fire: Wab’s Walk Through History
A 500-year-old relationship … coming out of conflict, colonialism, and denial. Assembly of First Nations National Chief Shawn A-in-chut Atleo called 8th Fire, “very, very powerful.” He said, “I was personally very emotionally moved by watching this documentary.” Join Wab Kinew on a walk through 500 years of aboriginal history 8th Fire –
8th Fire – Episode 1 – Indigenous In The City
8th Fire – Episode 2 – It’s Time
8th Fire – Episode 3 – Whose Land Is It Anyway?
8th Fire – Episode 4 – At The Crossroads

150 Acts of Reconciliation by Crystal Fraser and Sara Komarnisky,A compilation of 150 everyday acts, as well as others that are more proactive, that average Canadians can undertake to reflect on Indigenous-settler relationships in new ways.

Alberta College of Social Work Honouring Sacred Relationships: Wise Practices in Indigenous Social Work 2019 
This document was initiated and supported through Ceremony to invite the spiritual and lived wisdom of Indigenous and non-Indigenous social workers into a collective process. A literature review was conducted along with personal interviews, talking circles, and students in social work education. Two questions were asked which elicited a great deal of enthusiastic discussion and articulated common themes. The two questions were: 1) what is Indigenous social work practice? and 2) how is that different from conventional or mainstream practice?

Alberta Government Indigenous Learning Initiative
Recognizes the need to build greater understanding and awareness of Indigenous histories, cultures, experiences, and perspectives at all levels within the Alberta Public Service. This will improve the Government’s ability to recognize the unique strengths and challenges of Indigenous peoples and communities, and foster more respectful, informed relationships. A more informed public service will be better able to work with Indigenous peoples to develop programs and services that meet their needs.

 Alberta Library – More Than Personal Communication Citation templates for Elders and Knowledge Keepers

These citation formats are meant to promote the culturally respectful use of Indigenous knowledge and people in research and challenge the status quo of who we cite.

Alberta Teachers Association – Stepping Stones
Professional Learning Pebbles
This publication includes short, interactive activates designed to enhance your understanding of reconciliation, resources specifically produced to build your competence and confidence; and ideas about the many paths you can pursue on your future professional Indigenous education learning journey.
– Download Facilitator Guide PDF
– Download Participant Guide PDF
– Download PowerPoint  

Alberta Teachers Association – Stepping Stones
Residential Schools
Residential Schools—First Nations Experience PDF
Residential Schools—Métis Experience PDF
Residential Schools—Inuit Experience PDF

Ayaangwaamizin: International Journal of Indigenous Philosophy,
It is the first journal devoted to the examination of Indigenous philosophy. Its existence is a recognition of the growing number of Indigenous scholars. who are engaged in critically examining philosophical ideas and concepts in their own cultural traditions, in doing comparative studies of Indigenous and non-Indigenous philosophies, and in examining the influence of Indigenous philosophical thought on the dominant culture.

CBC Arts Animated Film The Secret Path
This powerful animated film tells the story of Chanie Wenjack, a 12-year-old Ojibwa boy who died of exposure in 1966 while running away from Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School near Kenora, Ontario.

CBC Beyond 94
This is an interactive monitoring of the progress of each Calls to Action that is regularly updated)

CBC WATCH — What does reconciliation mean?

A provocative, Indigenous-driven, monthly current-affairs podcast Hosted by Ryan McMahon. Through documentaries, discussions, roundtables, feature interviews, and investigations, CANADALANDBACK will showcase an array of diverse voices and experiences, from remote communities to large urban centres and everywhere in between. From critical analysis to original reporting and humour, we will dive into politics, the environment, human rights, and health, and showcase the hard work in our communities.

Caring Across Boundaries is an online exhibition engaging First Nations and all peoples of Canada in reconciliation to promote the wellbeing of First Nations children and youth. The purpose of the exhibition is to bring to life the challenges and dreams of First Nations communities with the goal of promoting understanding and contributing to the process of reconciliation between Aboriginal Peoples and people in Canada. In this exhibition, three First Nations communities share their daily experiences while inviting every person in Canada to make a positive difference for First Nations children and their families. To learn more about hosting the virtual exhibition in your organization or community, please reach out to

CASS Video “Guide to Relationships and Learning with the Indigenous Peoples of Alberta” was developed to support our members, as system leaders, to deepen their understanding of foundational knowledge of the Indigenous Peoples. This Guide was developed through an Indigenous lens by including the voices and teachings of Elders and Knowledge Keepers. Their voices are captured on video and edited to introduce and bring understanding to multiple areas of learning that capture and cover the essential teachings identified by the First Nations, Métis and Inuit Peoples of Alberta.

CBC First Contact
TV Series takes six Canadians, all with stereotypical opinions about Indigenous People, on a unique 28-day exploration of Indigenous Canada. It is a journey that will turn their lives upside down, challenging their perceptions and confronting their prejudices about a world they never imagined.

CBC Residential School Map
The residential school system separated 150,000 Indigenous children from their families — and the last one closed in 1997.Was one of those schools in the community where you grew up? Use CBC’s interactive map to find out.

CHF Canada Building Better Relationships: A Reconciliation Toolkit.
Providing insights on what housing co-ops can do to engage in meaningful ways.
With this toolkit, CHF Canada is answering a mandate from its member housing co-ops across Canada to help support housing co-ops to engage in reconciliation.This toolkit is designed to do just that by explaining what reconciliation is and why it is important outlining how the TRC guides us towards reconciliation (Principles of Reconciliation and Calls to Action)

Circles for Reconciliation  a Manitoba grassroots project that pulls together small groups of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. Together, they talk very openly and personally about issues like residential schools, the Sixties Scoop and aspects of reconciliation.

Conference Board of Canada Indigenous & Northern Communities
Addresses critical knowledge gaps around northern and remote development, reconciliation, and future skills that challenge decision- and policy-making.

Conference Board of Canada Indigenous & Northern Communities
The Conference Board of Canada helps leaders build a prosperous, healthy future for Indigenous and Northern communities, governments, and businesses. As a leader in research and stakeholder engagement, our work addresses critical knowledge gaps around northern and remote development, reconciliation, and future skills that challenge decision- and policy-making.

Digital Storytelling
This collection of seven short digital stories introduces viewers to a selection of Métis stories as told through a variety of community perspectives, including intergenerational tellings which are unique to these stories.

EdCan Network – Learning Together by Learning to Listen to Each Other by: Elder Albert Marshall
Without question, we need discussions about Truth and Reconciliation in all classrooms in every community and every educational institution across Canada. From my traditional Mi’kmaw way of understanding the world, I firmly believe these discussions must begin with exchanges of stories because such is the foundational basis of all relationship. I also passionately believe these exchanges must be ongoing and that they must take place within an acknowledged journey of co-learning wherein we – Indigenous peoples and the newcomers in our Indigenous lands – seek to learn together, to learn from each other, and to learn to draw upon the strengths, indeed the best, in our different ways of knowing, doing, and being….

FACTS – Video Facts About Indigenous People in Canada
Canada is home to hundreds of distinct peoples who were the original inhabitants of this land.

First Nations, Métis and Inuit Professional Learning
Provides educators with supports and tools to design and facilitate professional learning. It offers curricular resources that build capacity, engage learners and build paths toward reconciliation through education.

First Peoples Law Reading List
A curated list of resources on the topic of indigenous law and aboriginal rights in Canada,

Fifth Estate Documentary Violation of Trust
A searing examination of Canada’s 100 years of native residential schools, where Indigenous children had their culture and language beaten out of them, leaving a legacy of alcoholism, abuse and emotional scars.

F.N. Caring Society – What You Can Do No matter who you are or where you’re from, you can take peaceful and respectful actions to help make a better Canada for First Nations and all children and their families. There are a lot of ways you can make a difference! Learn More

F.N. Caring Society The First Peoples Child & Family Review
An open-access, interdisciplinary, and peer-reviewed journal honouring the voices and perspectives of First peoples and non-Indigenous allies and supporters. Our mission is to promote research, critical analysis, stories, standpoints, and educational resources which advance innovation within child, family, and community based-matters for First Nations, Métis, and Inuit, as well as Indigenous peoples abroad

FN Caring Society & CFCW Canada –  PDF Infographic Reconciliation in the Workplace

FN CARING SOCIETY Reconciliation Ambearristers
The Caring Society’s Reconciliation Ambearristers program invites groups to host a Reconciliation Ambearrister (ambassadors + barristers) who will guide you through years of free ways to implement the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action and make a positive difference for First Nations children, youth and families. Learn More

Free Streaming of Film – Stories Are in Our Bones (NFB)

First Nations, Inuit and Métis Essential Skills Inventory Project (FIMESIP)
The First Nations, Inuit and Métis Essential Skills (ES) Inventory Project’s (FIMESIP) goals are to better understand the state of practice with respect to ES initiatives tailored to First Nations, Inuit and Métis youth and adults living in diverse communities throughout Canada. It then shares these insights and a lessons learned with the larger community of practice. The markers of promising practice, inventory, case studies and an evaluation toolkit are available on this site.

FNPSS Recorded Video Reverse Town Hall A Conversation on Indigenous and Traditional Knowledge November 2021
Beyond the legislative obligation to incorporate Indigenous knowledge into decision-making processes within federal departments, there is a strong appetite to learn more about the many diverse Indigenous worldviews and practices and how to respectfully and meaningfully find a path to integrate western science and Indigenous knowledge. An important first step is listening directly to communities on how we work together and where to start. In advance of the webinar, they invite you watch the 20-minute Ted Talk by Dr. Horsethief and a 36 minute documentary called Seven Days with the Chief

Government of Canada App – Reconciliation: A Starting Point
The Reconciliation: A Starting Point mobile app is a reference tool for learning about First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples, including key historical events and examples of reconciliation initiatives. Users will learn why reconciliation matters and what public servants need to know and do to advance reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples in Canada.

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action
Delivering on Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action
Moving Forward Together: Speech from the Throne to Open the First Session of the 43rd Parliament of Canada (Walking the Road of Reconciliation)
Principles Respecting the Government of Canada’s Relationship with Indigenous People
Many Voices One Mind: A Pathway to Reconciliation
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Government of Canada – Indigenous Learning Series Understanding cultures: let’s talk
Under the themes of Recognition, Respect, Relationships and Reconciliation, the Indigenous Learning Series provides access to resources, courses, workshops and events on the history, heritage, cultures, rights and perspectives of Indigenous Peoples in Canada, as well as on their varied and long-standing relationships with the Crown. The School offers a growing suite of resources that will help you increase your cultural skills and awareness of issues related to First Nations, Métis and Inuit Peoples in Canada, as well as the role and responsibilities of the Government of Canada towards these peoples.

Government of Canada Library and Archives Canada (LAC)
An extensive, but not a complete, collection of historic Canadian Indian treaties, land surrenders, and related agreements. The collection contains documents that span more than 275 years

Government of Canada Treaty Texts
Transcripts for the original treaties

Government of Canada Delivering on Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action
View the Government of Canada’s progress in responding to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission 94 Calls to Action.

Government of Canada Podcast Sitting by the Fire
This podcast series offers topics that will expand your knowledge of First Nations, the Inuit and Métis.

Government of Canada Podcast – Leadership
Sitting by the Fire
This podcast series offers topics that will expand your knowledge of First Nations, the Inuit and Métis. Hear from Indigenous people from all over Canada engaging in simple, sharing and truthful conversations, like those of friends gathered around the fire sharing stories in keeping with the oral tradition of Indigenous teachings.
Indigenous Values and Teachings – A Lesson for All in Leadership 39:45 Sept 22, 2020
Consulting Indigenous Communities A Chat with Valérie Gideon 45:45 Oct 29,2019

Government of Canada Podcast – Intergenerational Trauma
Sitting by the Fire
This podcast series offers topics that will expand your knowledge of First Nations, the Inuit and Métis. Hear from Indigenous people from all over Canada engaging in simple, sharing and truthful conversations, like those of friends gathered around the fire sharing stories in keeping with the oral tradition of Indigenous teachings.
Episode 3: Intergenerational Trauma (Part 1) 29:07 May 20, 2020
Episode 3: Intergenerational Trauma (Part 2) 31:05 May 20, 2020

Government of Canada Podcast – Military Service
Sitting by the Fire
This podcast series offers topics that will expand your knowledge of First Nations, the Inuit and Métis. Hear from Indigenous people from all over Canada engaging in simple, sharing and truthful conversations, like those of friends gathered around the fire sharing stories in keeping with the oral tradition of Indigenous teachings.
Commemorating Indigenous Peoples’ Military Service (Part 1) 19:00 Nov 7, 2019
Commemorating Indigenous Peoples’ Military Service (Part 2) 21:00 Nov 7, 2019
Commemorating Indigenous Peoples’ Military Service (Part 3) 19:45 Nov 7, 2019

Government of Canada Truth and Reconciliation (with the Honourable Murray Sinclair)
The Honourable Murray Sinclair discusses the legacy of the Canadian government’s policy towards Indigenous people, and the path towards reconciliation.

Government of Canada – What does Indigenous mean?
From ‘Indian’ to ‘Indigenous’: the historical pursuit of one umbrella term that applies to all.

Government of Canada Video Indigenous Leading Series Trailer
Indigenous leaders discuss how the public service should be approaching its mandate for reconciliation.

Government Of Canada Indigenous Foundational Courses
Online (Self-Paced)
Reflecting on Cultural Bias: Indigenous Perspectives (K099)
With a focus on understanding Indigenous Peoples, this online self-paced course demystifies the idea of unconscious cultural bias and explores issues of prejudice and discrimination.
The Uncomfortable Truth (K100)
This course presents the difficult facts about the historical relationship between the Government of Canada and Indigenous peoples.
First Nations in Canada (K101)
This course looks at some of the governance structures, traditions and current realities of First Nations and their relationships with the Government of Canada.
Métis in Canada (K102)
This course provides a brief introduction to Métis people and the complexity of emerging Métis identity across Canada today.
Inuit in Canada (K103)
This course provides a brief introduction to Inuit in Canada and helps you to better understand the relationship between Inuit and the Government of Canada.
Taking Steps Towards Indigenous Reconciliation (K400)
This online self-paced course supports the government’s commitment to the value and outcomes of reconciliation by exploring in depth the four themes featured throughout the Indigenous Learning Series: recognition, respect, relationships, and reconciliation.
Classroom Courses
KAIROS Blanket Exercise (IRA140)
The KAIROS Blanket Exercise will help public servants learn about and understand the shared history of Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Canada, including loss of Indigenous lands and cultural assimilation policies.
Reconciliation Begins with Me (IRA141)
In this course, participants will learn about the little-known history, the impact of residential schools, the rights of Indigenous Peoples and the obligations of public servants while considering respectful protocols.
Cultural Competency – Indigenous Perspectives (IRA142)
This course is designed to help employees identify their respective biases and values and develop cultural competencies to build positive and respectful relationships with Indigenous peoples within a public service context.
Introduction to Canada’s Colonial History (IRA143)
Participants will learn how the relationships between First Peoples and other people in Canada have developed over the past 500 years and will be better prepared to begin the work of addressing the impact of this history on all Canadians.
Making a Difference in Supporting the Careers of Indigenous Employees (IRA144)
This course provides human resources specialists and managers with concrete ways to help facilitate the hiring, retention and advancement of Indigenous employees within the public service.
Federal Implementation of Modern Treaties and Self-Government Agreements (IRA145)
Participants will learn how to conduct an Assessment of Modern Treaty Implications and apply a modern treaty and self-government lens to the development of policies, programs, and services.

Government of Canada Mobile App – Reconciliation: A Starting Point
A reference tool for learning about First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples, including key historical events and examples of reconciliation initiatives. Users will learn why reconciliation matters and what public servants need to know and do to advance reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples in Canada.

Holy Angels FREE STREAMING (National Film Board of Canada) 13 mins.
In 1963, Lena Wandering Spirit became one of the more than 150,000 Indigenous children who were removed from their families and sent to residential school. Jay Cardinal Villeneuve’s short documentary Holy Angels powerfully recaptures Canada’s colonialist history through impressionistic images and the fragmented language of a child. Villeneuve met Lena through his work as a videographer with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Filmed with a fierce determination to not only uncover history but move past it, Holy Angels speaks of the resilience of a people who have found ways of healing—and of coming home again

Indigenous Bar Association The Understanding and Implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples handbook Author Gunn, B 2011 pdf
The handbook is a resource which gives background information on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and its role within international law. It goes over the different rights listed in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and lists various examples of how these different sections of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples have been implemented

Indigenous Corporate Training Inc
If you want to ensure your conversations and communications are free from colloquialisms, reading these blog posts from Indigenous Corporate Training Inc.

Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada
This online atlas offers reference maps of Indigenous land and peoples in Canada, as well as a section devoted to Truth and Reconciliation, including detailed pages on many aspects of the topic with contemporary and historical photographs, maps and a glossary of common Indigenous terms.

Indian Horse #Next150 Challenge is a series of challenges which encourages participants to engage with and examine their own roles in the Reconciliation movement. All of us in Canada — Indigenous and non-Indigenous — have a role to play in Reconciliation. Reconcili-ACTION happens one step at the time and each of the #Next150 challenges will give you a clear idea of what your next step can be.

Indigenous Perspectives Society Cultural Perspectives Training
This course helps individuals deepen their understanding and develop actionable ideas to respond to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action. Includes in-class learning, sharing, and collaboration with self-guided resources.

Indspire – PDF Climbing the Mountain: Reconciliation in Workplaces
Commit to meaningful consultation, building respectful relationships, and obtaining the free, prior, and informed consent of Indigenous peoples before …

Institute for Intergrated Science and Health Etuaptmumk – Two-Eyed Seeing
Two-Eyed Seeing refers to learning to see from one eye with the strengths of Indigenous knowledges and ways of knowing, and from the other eye with the strengths of Western knowledges and ways of knowing … and learning to use both these eyes together, for the benefit of all. Elder

In May 2019, the Department of Justice Canada (JUS) hosted a conference on Indigenous justice systems to create a space for dialogue and relationship-building. This conference brought together over 150 experts from communities, governments, and academia from across Canada and from around the world, each with expertise in, and a passion for, Indigenous justice systems….

Lovevery’s Blog  “How to discuss injustice toward Indigenous Peoples with your children, age 0 – 8”
Thoughtfully written, and includes links to a number of children’s books about Indigenous history, as well as links to additional resources.

Mahegun Tails Inc.
Mahegun Tails Inc. strives to see the revitalization of Indigenous beliefs and values that support the wellness of our shared community. Our vision is to bring traditional knowledge to our Indigenous and non-Indigenous relatives.

Magic Arrow Productions Documentary Sleeping Children Awake
Sleeping Children Awake is one of the earliest independent, feature length documentaries to broadcast on the Residential School System. It won several awards including “Best Canadian Documentary 1993

Mount Royal University  Indigenous Ways of Knowing  by Brye Robertson

Native Counseling Centre Engaging with Elders: A Co-created Story
Stories, wisdom and words fostering the ethical space where we can make our community stronger together. – Monique Fry, Xwchiyo:m Band, Sto:lō Nations…

National Film Board Indigenous Voices and Reconciliation
A collection of shorts and films that highlight Indigenous voices and matters

Reconciliation Canada – The National Narrative on Reconciliation Report
The National Narrative on Reconciliation Report surveyed Indigenous Peoples and non-Indigenous Canadians on attitudes towards reconciliation and revealed a strong alignment about the contributions that Indigenous Peoples make to Canadian society. The survey, the first of its kind, also points to significant barriers to overcome to truly achieve reconciliation.

NFB – Free Streaming of Film – Stories Are in Our Bones
In this layered short film, filmmaker Janine Windolph takes her young sons fishing with their kokum (grandmother), a residential school survivor who retains a deep knowledge and memory of the land. The act of reconnecting with their homeland is a cultural and familial healing journey for the boys, who are growing up in the city. It’s also a powerful form of resistance for the women.

Remembering the Children – Timeline Residential Schools – A Chronology
Key facts or events from 1857 – 2007

pipikwan pêhtâkwan keeoukaywin – The Visiting Way keeoukaywin is a Cree term meaning “the visiting way”: keeoukaywin points to special times and spaces in which connections are strengthened, stories are heard, remembering occurs, and we are reminded of who we are and of our responsibility for the well-being of the whole. It offers an Indigenous view of community-based, participatory research methodology, and stands on its own as a viable methodology…It is part of land-based societies’ way of life. It guides the way we conduct ourselves, treat one another, and learn from one another and from the land itself… Read Full keeoukaywin – The Visiting Way

Reconciliation Canada KITCHEN TABLE DIALOGUE GUIDE PDF For Individuals, communities and organizations
A Kitchen Table Dialogue creates space for constructive conversations on reconciliation. This do-it-yourself framework allows Indigenous peoples and all Canadians the opportunity to gather their friends, family, neighbours and/or colleagues to join the dialogue on reconciliation and contribute to the movement, helping

Reconciliation Education
These online courses and films provide a comprehensive, customized anti-racist education in line with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action and aim to promote a renewed relationship between Indigenous Peoples and Canadian Settlers through transformative multi-media learning.

Red Deer Urban Aboriginal Voices Society
Working to ensure that Red Deer has an Indigenous Cultural knowledge base that is known and accessible to all. They embrace and are guided by cultural wisdom & traditional teachings to improve the lives of all people through preservation of culture and language and promotion of cultural sharing and building reconciliation.

RLI Master Vocabulary List Foundational Knowledge  (Source Page)
Five Foundational Knowledge Themes to support educators as they grow in their understanding of authentic Métis history, stories, and perspectives. The Foundational Knowledge Themes are a set of living documents.

Experiences and Practices
Prepared by the Secretariat of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues pdf

Shannon Thunderbird – Facts and Fantasy About Turtle Island’s Indigenous People
FACT: One cannot “discover” what was never lost in the first place! Learn more Fact from Fantasy

Spirit Bear & Friends – “A LOVE WE KNOW” // Official Music Video

ReconciliACTION: Learn more about the human rights case for First Nations kids and Spirit Bear’s plan to end inequalities in public services for First Nations children, youth, and families at:…

Stanford Innovation Review The Critical Role of Traditional Knowledge in Social Innovation
To build a brighter future for Canada, we need to learn from Indigenous communities and develop a new language of mutual understanding.

Teaching & Learning Video – Indigenous Way of Life With Kerrie Moore & Dr. Reg Crowshoe  
Indigenous Knowledge Keepers Reg Crowshoe and Kerrie Moore discuss the significance of traditional protocols, the relationship between Indigenous people of the land and oral traditions as part of their ways knowing.

TVO DOCS Video What non-Indigenous Canadians need to know
Eddy Robinson is an educator on Indigenous issues. In this web series called “First Things First,” Robinson explains why asking “How Can I Help?” is not the right question.

University of Alberta – Wahkohtowin Law and Governance Lodge
The Wahkohtowin Lodge responds to the expressed needs of Indigenous communities and organizations who want effective strategies to identify, rebuild and develop law and governance structures that resonate within their own legal and governance traditions. Specifically, this resource has a wealth of information and updates on Bill C-92.

UCalgary Recorded Indigenous Lectures Ten Ways Organization’s Get in Their Own Way
Watch this lecture by Dr. Marcia Anderson, MD, of the University of Manitoba about barriers to Indigenous achievement (reconciliation, diversity, inclusion and anti-racism) in institutions and organizations. Hosted by the Office of Indigenous Engagement Presented on Sept. 22, 2020

University of Winnipeg Indigenous Insights
Indigenous Insights is a flexible learning program that supports organizations seeking to understand and respond to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action.

UofMaine – Map Honours Indigenous Place Names in Canada
The map depicts indigenous place names across Canada, shared by permission of First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and people.“One of the aims of the map,” Hornsby says, “is to represent Canada in a new way by highlighting the importance of indigenous names for understanding places and landscape features…”

Western –  The Path: Your Journey Through Indigenous Canada™ by NVision
“The Path” modules – which are a set of accredited online introductory modules that explore First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada, the history of Indigenous peoples and relationships with settlers, the British Crown, and Canada.

Wellness Works Canada Recorded Webinar Intersection of Truth and Reconciliation and Mental Health in the Workplace This webinar aims to provide guidance and practical steps for organizations to support their Indigenous and Non-Indigenous employees in preparation for Truth and Reconciliation Day. The webinar explores the intersection of truth and reconciliation and mental health and provides insight into the impact of intergenerational trauma on Indigenous peoples and its implications for mental health.

Watch Residential Schools in Canada: A Timeline Historica Canada

The history of residential schools in Canada can be traced as far back as the 17th century. Watch the “Residential Schools in Canada Timeline” video to learn about the significant dates in its history — from the landing of Jesuits in what is now known as Quebec, to the release of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s final report in 2015.

 LISTEN | Kamloops residential school survivor Marylin Adolph recites a poem she wrote upon hearing of the discovery of the remains at her former school: Marilyn Adolph spent 11 years at the former Kamloops Indian Residential School..

 Residential Schools Podcast Series The series is part of a larger awareness campaign created by Historica Canada and funded by the Government of Canada. Along with the podcast, Historica also offers a video series, an education guide, and several new entries on The Canadian Encyclopedia about the history and legacy of residential schools.

 Reconciliation in Alberta

 Truth and Reconciliation Calls to Action

 Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

 National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation 

People can access emotional and crisis referral services by calling the 24-hour national crisis line: 1-866-925-4419.

First Nations and Inuit Hope for Wellness Help Line 1‑855‑242-3310

Aboriginal Wellness Program 604-675-2551 or 1-866-884-0888



ALIGN is seeking a Well-Being Consultant Deadline March 20, 2024 

CULTURAL SOLUTIONS 101 VIRTUAL MARCH 20 – 22, 2024 This training is intended to provide professionals interested in expanding their knowledge on working with Indigenous peoples through an educational and experiential opportunity

FREE ALIGN Presents The Advisor Office for Alberta Workers’ Compensation Information Session ONLINE April 3, 2024 @ 10:00 am – 11:30 am MDT
This information session will introduce members and community partners to the Advisor Office, a free program offered through the Government of Alberta. Learn more about how the Advisor Office assists WCB clients (employers & workers) and provides relevant, objective, and confidential advice

NEW ALIGN & PolicyWise Report – Measuring Child Well-being Report 2024





Based out of Edmonton, we are a provincial collection of allies – a unified community of agencies that represents the diverse needs of Alberta’s children and families. We are proud to champion the work of our front line service providers and to support our members. Together, we are stronger.


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